By Garland Pollard
NASHVILLE – RCA’s Studio A, an important legacy in American country music history, is under the threat of demolition for a condo project. However, the music industry (and the National Trust) is taking note, hoping this great artifact can be saved, and in turn becoming a keystone in the music industry’s efforts in preserving Nashville’s Music Row.
The studio, developed by Chet Atkins, was built in the early 1960s, and was part of a new generation of Nashville music that had a smoother, more polished sound. It is large enough for a symphony orchestra; indeed Ben Folds, who is fighting to save it, uses it for a large number of different recordings. Folds is best known for that elegant-but-haunting piano ballad of the late 90s, “Brick,” recorded by his group Ben Folds Five.
A bit from Folds’ website and studio, Grand Victor Sound:
Grand Victor Sound Nashville is home to one of the largest and most historic recording spaces in Nashville. The studio, built at the request of Chet Atkins, first opened its doors in 1965 and was known as RCA Victor Nashville Sound Studios, part of the RCA record label’s Nashville division. The studio’s client list, past and present, reads as a “Who’s Who” of music legends. The Monkees, Joe Cocker, Leon Russell, Waylon Jennings, Dolly Parton, Tony Bennett, George Strait, The Beach Boys, Amanda Palmer, William Shatner, George Jones, Brian Setzer, Hunter Hayes, Kacey Musgraves, Jewel and Willie Nelson are just a few of the many talented artists who have recorded in this room over the years. After almost a decade of dedicated private use, Grand Victor Sound Nashville has re-opened to the recording community for commercial sessions.
The music industry is what has given Nashville a reason to be something on the world stage, and something other than yet another Southern town. It would be tragic if this resource were lost to future generations, particularly now that it is a working studio with so much life.
In his letter, Folds writes, “Take a moment to stand in the silence between the grand walls of RCA Studio A and feel the history and the echoes of the Nashville that changed the world.”
Visit the Music Industry Coalition to find out more.
By Garland Pollard
WATERFORD, IRELAND – When I converse with anyone about an old, deceased brand, the conversation often comes to the point where we wonder about the brand’s value, especially if I am the only person who knows of the brand name.
I came across a perfect situation while reviewing a March 1961 National Geographic, which featured “The Magic Road Round Ireland”. In the story, there was a photograph of Waterford Glass by Robert Sisson, which I photographed here. The caption noted that the brand disappeared because of “crippling excise taxes” and was revived in 1951.
To determine the book “value” of a brand after it has completely disappeared, accounting wise, is a fairly straightforward thing. Once it has passed for three years out of the trademark register, or has been discontinued long enough to be forgotten by the public, its value is pretty much nil, officially. Today, there are once national restaurant chains that have surviving franchisees that pay no money for “the name” as the presumed value of the brand has disappeared. Accounting wise, brands are not well cared for on balance sheets, and often ignored; a page of reports by Jim Gregory’s Core Brand gives the details here.
Which is why the case of Waterford Crystal, now part of WWRD Holdings, is so instructive.
The Waterford Glass Works began in the 18th century with entrepreneurs George and William Penrose, who utilized artisans in Waterford to create the sort of high quality glassware found elsewhere in Europe. Working closely with government and craftsman, for nearly a century Waterford produced classic glassware for the elites. But it shut down in 1851, and was closed for over 100 years.
After World War II, entrepreneur Charles Bacik (1910-91) came to Ireland and rebuilt the legacy using the Waterford idea and a niche-but-remembered name mystique as his marketing tool. He had a Czech glass tradition, and married it to a local idea.
We would venture to guess, however, that the perceived “value” of Waterford in the pauper-land that was post World War II Ireland, was not great, and perhaps only had value in the minds of certain people who still had the glass, or knew about it. What Bacik understood was that there was a great tradition and legacy in the idea of Waterford, and he could connect that legacy to the craftsmen, salesmen and marketing people who could make it work again.
Unfortunately, and in the latter part of the 20th century, the company was mismanaged, sold, and manufacturing was moved out of town, and the labor struggle that ensued made world headlines. Only recently has a Waterford visitor center reopened.
Very often manufacturers are only looking at costs when they think of manufacturing, but connections to a historic location make a brand authentic. Today, the brand Waterford has done un-useful things with the Waterford name by making Waterford outside of its native city.
- Today’s consumer is obsessed with authenticity and local connections; hundreds upon hundreds of new boutique brands are connecting their location to their product.
- Strong personal convictions, leadership and skill are essential: Brands cannot be a pure marketing or licensing play. What revived Waterford was a skilled entrepreneur who knew about glass.
- Design is central. The creative, iterative part of a consumer product brand is essential. While some brands like toothpaste, soap and canned foods can remain mostly static and survive, good craftsmanship and artistry cannot be ignored.
Tags: Factory Tour · Home design
By Garland Pollard
MARINA DEL REY – There are thousands of family businesses in the U.S. that were once considerable enterprises, so it is refreshing to see some of them come back, even if they are but modest start-ups.
To wit, Cohen & Sons Apparel. I don’t know much about the original, but the Zach Cohen, a grandson, is in the process of reviving it.
The company originally started in 1947, at 536 Broadway in New York (the video has a shot of it). Young Zach, in the video, tells the story quite effectively, stating that he quit his job to “restart the machines.”
So far, he is doing well with his Kickstarter, and at presstime is less than $100 away from his $10,000 goal. For this project, Kickstarter investors get different levels of clothes, including socks ($10) and shirts and hoodies as you donate more.
He talks a bit about it:
“Sixty-seven years ago my Grandpa Jack flipped the switch and his clothing factory was open for business. His shop cranked out quality garments for almost half a century until competition overseas forced him to shut off the lights and close up shop.
Arm cast and all; I’ve been ironing out the designs, sourcing the materials, and assembling a seasoned team of production partners to launch an apparel company to produce stylish, comfortable, and reliable clothing. I promise none of our gear is going to shrink, fade, fall apart, or change sizes and pull a Houdini on you.”
His brand statement? Life is way too short to be staring at a machine, thinking about what everybody else is doing.
So the big question. What company and/or brand did YOUR grandfather start? And does it deserve a new life?
By Garland Pollard
LOS ANGELES – For fans of cars and Formula One, the Ron Howard film Rush is a feast. The film details the epic rivalry between the 1976 Formula One racers James Hunt of the U.K. and Austrian Niki Lauda. Released last fall, it is just out on DVD.
Sports with technical needs are excellent builders of brands, technology and commerce. These sports encourage companies to innovate with new products, promote their brands in new ways and bring new partnerships with individuals into the company.
Hunt’s sponsor brands include Marlboro cigarettes, Texaco, Good Year tires, Champion spark plugs and Canon cameras. A few of the other marques in this cornucopia of 1970s brands:
- London’s Daily Mail appears in various scenes
- Ferrari was the car brand most associated with Lauda. Ferrari signed Niki Lauda to their team under the leadership of Ferrari’s Luca Cordero di Montezemolo.
- OMP is a brand of safety products founded in 1973 in Genoa, Italy. It started with safety bars and moved into fireproof suits, safety belts and seats. The brand appears on shoulder pads of Hunt and Lauda.
- McLaren is of course a Formula 1 team; they also now make limited run production cars.
- Lotus is, of course, a British race car brand. Founded in 1962, it is still active.
- Ligier: The French microcar brand is mentioned as part of a Ligier-Matra Formula One car, which was recreated for the film with a Rover V8 engine. Matra, now a brand of bicycles and the GEM microcar, originally stood for Mecanique-Aviation-Traction and made a series of sporty French car models including the Bagheera, 530 and Murena.
- Brabham was a British racing team that made Formula One cars. The Brabham team was founded by racer Jack Brabham. The Brabham-Alfa was also reproduced with a Rover V8 engine.
- Elf Aquitaine: A period truck shows up from the Elf Tyrell racing team. Elf is now mostly positioned as a lubricant brand; originally it stood for Essence et Lubrifiants de France, basically Gas and Oil of France.
- Carrera is a sunglass brand founded in 1956. Niki Lauda’s character wears a pair of Carrera 80 sunglasses, a re-edition. These metal glasses have a teardrop shape, combined with interchangeable polarized lenses, for high-quality vision in any light condition. James Hunt’s character wears a pair of teardrop-shaped injection-molded Carrera Speedway sunglasses. Marlene Lauda, played by Alexandra Maria Lara, wears a pair of Carrera 16 steel/metal sunglasses.
- Bell created the first racing helmet; the company’s red and white oval logo is unmistakably prominent in racer photos. Bell has an updated Star Classic helmet still sold.
- Other brands include: Fuji film, Tag Heuer watches, Martini and Shell. Pictured above are sponsors that include Parmalat and Ferrari.
- Agip appears as a team sponsor. The venerable gasoline brand, which is now part of ENI, is no longer preferred, and the distinctive six legged fire breathing dog is now used with the ENI wording.
By Garland Pollard
PETERSBURG, Va. - For those who love writing instruments, the restoration of the identity of a pen company is welcome. In Petersburg, Virginia, right on the main drag, the Remmie Arnold pen sign has been a key landmark in that historic Virginia city.
I have a personal interest in it, as I remember my grandmother telling me of visiting Petersburg and knowing the Arnolds back in the 1930s. They were a civic minded and entrepreneurial family.
The sign sits on the main thrufare in downtown, in an historic area that has struggled to revive itself against numerous odds. Petersburg has some of the nation’s largest inventory of 19th century buildings, and a very large collection of 18th and 20th of note. It’s a Charleston or Savannah that was seemingly left mostly un-restored, with no tourist interest. In the 1980s, the tobacco industry left, and crime and desolation swooped back in.
But things are changing ever so slowly, including the restoration of the Remmie Pen building and sign. Previous posts have information about it, so no need to repeat. However, if you are heading up Interstate 95 or 85, do stop in at Petersburg, not only to see the sign all lit up but to visit the history.
At right, a photo of the sign from the mid-1980s by Marco Cresentini, who documented many of these signs in Virginia back in the 1980s.
November 11th, 2013 · 2 Comments
By Garland Pollard
Ball Mason jars are one of the great American brand names that define a particular category. It is so much so, that most could not even name any other brands that competed against it, though if you think hard, Libby and Kerr come to mind.
This year, the company celebrated the centennial of the Mason jar, and reintroduced the blue Ball Mason jar, pictured here. The Pinterest-friendly jars include the beautiful Ball script and a translucent blue that would make any canned vegetable even more beautiful than nature. Today, Ball jars are back in fashion for the umpteenth time, as the middle and upper middle classes explore new frontiers like permaculture. Frankly, you are not really a prepper or Amish if you use such good design sense in your home canning, you are just, well, cool.
Ball, the NYSE company, is no longer actually making the jars; the home canning business was spun off in the early 1990s and is now part of Jarden Home Brands, which owns that other canning brand, Kerr. While the brand and the parent company have both fared well since the split, it was not a good idea, as it is always dangerous to separate a company name from the product that gave it its name because at some point, the two companies can go in completely different directions and take the brand with it.
That being said, Ball is very much still in the canning business, a leader in selling beverage and food containers. And since the beginning of the space era, it has had a leadership role, perhaps best known as a builder of the Kepler Space Observatory and inner-workings of the Hubble Space Telescope. They also made the Quickbird satellite imaging system that takes photos of Earth from space.
The Ball jar is one of the better products used for recycling. It is a standard size, useful for not only canning but for drinks, pencil holders, coin jars and the like. Back in the 1970s, when the nostalgic “fern bar” came of age, restaurateurs often used the Mason jar as table glasses. Today, they are back to their original purpose, taking America’s great bounty and keeping it fresh, on the shelves, for a few seasons more.
By Garland Pollard
DETROIT – When General Motors was bailed out, the Pontiac brand died. General Motors customers, dealers and employees were stunned. The decision cost money, and Pontiac was well on its way to a revival. Sales just disappeared, and they were not replaced by other brands that were preserved, such as Buick. The reality was that ALL of GM was struggling and losing money, so Pontiac was the sacrificial animal.
This week, Robert Lutz, then a GM exec, confirmed as such:
“And, when the guy who is handing you the check for 53 billion dollars says I don’t want Pontiac, drop Pontiac or you don’t get the money, it doesn’t take you very long to make up your mind.
Of course, GM had made its stew back in 2000 when Oldsmobile was canned. It set a precedent, and killing off a brand seemed to be the step that made people think that big change was coming to General Motors. Of course, part of the reason GM was struggling was that when it went broke, it no longer had the car volume to justify its existence. Indeed its business model was all about having a bunch of different brands to sell to different segments. You took the same innards, dressed them up carefully, and sold them to different sorts. The problem with GM in its misery was that it had killed off its Olds and then replaced it with odd niche brands like Hummer, which was never really a car company, and Saab, which was a wonderful niche car but something so odd as have its brand appeal ruined by being part of the GM family.
And then with the regular GM brands, the problem was that the innards were bad, and the outer brand designs were ugly and lacked any sort of connection to the brand story. Ergo, Pontiac made odd junk cars like the Aztek, ostensibly appealing to a younger consumer, but ignoring the Wide-trak and racy heritage of Pontiac.
The good news is that there is no reason Pontiac can’t come back with some special edition cars sold at GMC dealers. There is still a great heritage there, and if Fiat can successfully re-enter the U.S. market, so can Pontiac.
If you watch the below interview, you can see his quotes, and see why there was impatience with the situation. At one point, Lutz talks about the spacing between door posts and pieces on the dash; GM left large cracks, a relic of the era when production was not so mechanized, and gaps were needed to keep the discrepancies from making the car not fit.
“it was just a whole bunch of stupid stuff like that.”
Below, the interview.
October 12th, 2013 · 2 Comments
By Garland Pollard
MONTVALE, N.J. – Eight O’ Clock, the nation’s greatest coffee brand, has modified its logo with a second redesign that appeared in coupon mailers this week. The design is an update of a failed 2010 design, an improvement but not that much. The packaging debuted in August. In a press release, the company said:
“We have been expertly crafting high-quality coffee for our consumers for more than 150 years,” said Alisa Jacoby, Director Marketing, Eight O’Clock Coffee. “The Eight O’Clock Coffee brand ‘redress’ is a celebration of our beginnings and a look into the future as we continue to stay relevant in the coffee aisle. All of these new brand choices – both inside and out of the bag – were inspired by our consumers who continue to be the most important influence behind our ever-evolving brand.”
The coffee dates from 1859, when the Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company was established. For over 100 years, it was only sold at A&P. But when that chain declined, the result of changing and diminishing their classic supermarket brand, the coffee survived. In 2006, it was purchased by the Tata empire of India, and one had hopes that it would continue the classic look. After all, Indian companies, with their British roots, traditionally have a good respect for legacy brands.
However in the fall of 2010, the Tata completely redesigned the packaging, replacing the red package with a smaller red area and pictures of beans. Our writer Dooney Tickner detailed the awful changes in a prescient Sept. 4, 2010 BrandlandUSA post. Wrote Tickner:
“Shame on whoever thinks so little of this classic brand to remake it as a lookalike to trendy private labels.”
The changes did not last, and the company had to redesign after only three years.
This 2013 version is an improvement on the 2010 version; it at least is red, and puts “THE ORIGINAL” on the front. But it is still a far cry from the classic, and the original was a classic. The original is pictured below, courtesy the Flickr collection of a person’s name I cannot pronouce. I defy any graphic designer to improve upon it.
By Garland Pollard
WAYNE, N.J. – GAF, once known as General Aniline and Film, is the nation’s leading name in roofing. It has roots as old as 1842, with the E. Anthony & Co. photography enterprise of Binghamton, N.Y. and General Aniline Works, a textile dye company.
GAF, now headquartered in Wayne, N.J., claims its founding as 1886, but it has a long history in film, a business that it exited in 1977. General Aniline and Film was associated with other film brands, including Anthony & Scovill, which later became Ansco. Later on GAF purchased Sawyer’s, which owned View-Master. At its height, it rivaled Kodak in the market for slide projection and movie cameras. As a child, yours truly had the ubiquitous GAF Pana-Vue, a hand held, battery operated slide viewer, a “purchase” likely gleaned from Green Stamps.
Through various mergers (including Agfa and the notorious I.G. Farben company) it merged into GAF, a conglomerate with interests including film, chemicals, broadcasting, paint and roofing. Because of the German ownership and war interests, from 1942 to 1965 it was run by government appointed directors. Interestingly, it spun a bit out of control when it turned into a classic 1970s conglomerate. The core of the company that survives today is the roofing company Ruberoid, maker of the first asphalt shingle, and another hit product, Tite-On Shingles. The broadcasting division owned WNCN, a New York City classical station. The station is now Q104.3, a classic rock station distinguished by its “babes” of the day in “thongs.” A pitiful aircheck of the switch from classical to alternative rock appears HERE.
This week, the brand got a big plug in Entertainment Weekly in a profile of actor/filmmaker Joseph Gordon-Levitt. He is holding a GAF Super 8 movie camera, undoubtedly just a prop from an antique store. Perhaps he makes the roofing brand a bit more hip, but it really does is point up some value in GAF as a video and electronics brand.
Through its partnership with Disney, GAF became the kid-friendly photography brand. Not only did GAF sell the stereoscope toy View-Master, it made official slide photos for just about every tourist attraction in the U.S. The company had numerous innovations in film, and at one time had many patents.
During its time as a conglomerate, GAF did not do the correct thing in dumping its older brands that included Ansco and Sawyers. Today, ANSCO the camera brand, registered June 25, 1940 by GAF of Binghamton, is now owned by W. Haking Enterprises Limited, 1401 Devon House, 979 Kings Road Quarry Bay Hong Kong.
The GAF brand, as far as I can determine, is not being used on electronic equipment. Perhaps GAF might want to look into re-entering the business, not as a maker of cameras, but as a licensor of the brand to other companies in personal electronics, photo archiving and the like.
September 18th, 2013 · No Comments
By Garland Pollard
The whole natural food movement has strong roots in religious circles, not only with Kosher food and Mennonite dairies, and natural foods and the Jesus movement of the 70s, but in a new generation of foods and consumer products made on Biblical principles and sold with a religious theme.
One of the more influential people in this trend is Joel Salatin’s Polyface farm in Virginia, which has spawned a whole generation of farmers who see environmental farming and Christian principles as one in the same thing. Salatin calls himself a “Christian libertarian environmentalist capitalist lunatic” but in truth he is one of a long line of men, over many millenia, who have worked the land using the Bible as their guidebook. [Read more →]